What is Pulmonology in Pakistan

The field of pulmonology deals with the respiratory system, which includes the lungs, respiratory tract, and chest wall movement. Pulmonology in Pakistan is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases. In this article, we will explore what the relevant field of pulmonology is, what types of lung diseases it covers, and how to find the best pulmonologist in Pakistan.

What is Pulmonology?

Pulmonology is a branch of internal medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary diseases. Pulmonary diseases refer to any condition that affects the respiratory system, including the lungs and the bronchial tubes. The pulmonologist is a medical specialist who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases. They are also known as lung specialists or chest specialists.

In Pakistan, the field of pulmonology is rapidly growing, and there are many good doctors who specialize in this field. A pulmonologist in Pakistan is a lung specialist who has completed their MBBS and further specialized in the relevant field of internal medicine specialist. They are well-versed in the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases, making them an essential part of the medical community.

The Role of Pulmonologist in Pakistan

A pulmonologist is a chest specialist, an internal medicine specialist or lung specialist, MBBS DTCD, or a general physician who has pursued further education and training in pulmonary medicine. They are experts in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary diseases and are qualified to provide the best medical care to patients with respiratory problems.

They prescribe medications, treatment plans, and oxygen therapy to their patients, depending on the severity of the condition. In addition to chest medicine, they may perform a transbronchial biopsy, invasive ventilation, mechanical ventilation, and other treatments for severe cases of asthma.

The Top Pulmonologists in Pakistan

Pakistan has some of the best Pulmonologists in the world who offer medical care to patients with respiratory problems. These Pulmonologists are well-trained and experienced in diagnosing and treating various respiratory problems. Some of the top Pulmonologists in Pakistan include

  • Dr. Syed Muzaffar Hussain – Lahore Doctors Hospital
  • Dr. Saleem Khan – Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad
  • Dr. Mahmood Ali Malik – PIMS Hospital, Islamabad
  • Dr. Ayesha Nasir – Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi
  • Dr. Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi – AKUH, Karachi
  • Dr. Amjad Chaudhry – Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi

These Pulmonologists have excellent patient reviews and are PMC verified, which means they are recognized and approved by the Pakistan Medical Commission (PMC).

Types of Diseases Pulmonologists Treat

Pulmonologists in Pakistan diagnose and treat a wide range of respiratory disorders. These can be divided into acute and chronic respiratory diseases.

Acute Respiratory Diseases

Acute respiratory diseases are those that occur suddenly and require immediate medical attention. These include

Chest pain

Chest pain is a common symptom that can be associated with a variety of respiratory diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, COPD, and pulmonary fibrosis. If you experience chest pain, it is important to see a pulmonologist for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Respiratory failure

Respiratory failure occurs when the respiratory system is unable to adequately exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. This can result in low oxygen levels in the blood and high carbon dioxide levels. Pulmonologists are trained to manage respiratory failure and these doctors can provide mechanical ventilation or other supportive treatments as needed.

Infections caused by infectious agents such as bacteria or viruses

Infections caused by infectious agents such as bacteria or viruses can affect the respiratory tract and lead to pneumonia or other serious respiratory tract infections. Pulmonologists can diagnose and treat these infections with appropriate medications.

Sleep apnea

Sleep apnea is a condition in which a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep, which can lead to fatigue and other health problems. Pulmonologists can perform sleep studies to diagnose sleep apnea and prescribe therapies such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines.

Severe cases of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD)

Severe cases of COPD can require specialized care, including pulmonary rehabilitation and oxygen therapy. Pulmonologists can help manage the symptoms of COPD and improve the quality of life for patients with this condition.

Chronic Respiratory Diseases

Chronic respiratory diseases are long-term diseases that require ongoing medical care. Some examples of chronic respiratory diseases are:

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

COPD is a group of lung diseases that cause breathing difficulties. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, including in Pakistan. COPD encompasses chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The major cause of COPD in Pakistan is smoking.


Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, making it difficult to breathe. In Pakistan, it is estimated that approximately 6% of the population suffers from asthma.

Cystic fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects the respiratory system, digestive system, and other organs. It is caused by a mutation in the CFTR gene, which affects the production of mucus, leading to the accumulation of thick, sticky mucus in the lungs and other organs.

Pulmonary fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disease that causes scarring of the lung tissue, making it difficult to breathe. The cause of pulmonary fibrosis is not yet known, but exposure to certain environmental and occupational agents is thought to be a risk factor for lung damage.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the lungs. It is the most common type of cancer worldwide and a leading cause of cancer deaths. Smoking is a major risk factor for lung cancer in Pakistan, and the disease is more common among men than women.

Pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonologists in Pakistan are trained to diagnose and treat both acute and chronic respiratory diseases. They also help manage chronic lung diseases by prescribing medications and developing treatment plans that suit the patient’s needs.

Pulmonology Services in Pakistan

Pulmonology services in Pakistan are offered by both public and private medical centers, with several specialist doctors and medical staff available to provide critical care to patients. These centers provide critical care and a wide range of diagnostic and therapeutic services to help manage respiratory disorders.

Diagnosis of Respiratory Diseases

The first step in managing respiratory diseases is an accurate diagnosis. Pulmonologists in Pakistan use several diagnostic tools to identify the underlying cause of the problem, among other diseases such as:

Chest X-rays – Chest X-rays are used to create images of the lungs and chest to help diagnose respiratory problems.

CT Scans – CT scans are used to create detailed images of the lungs and chest to help diagnose respiratory problems.

Transbronchial Biopsy – This is a procedure in which a small piece of lung tissue is removed for examination under a microscope.

Blood Tests – Blood tests can be used to diagnose respiratory problems and monitor the effectiveness of treatment.

Treatment of Respiratory Diseases

Once the underlying cause of the respiratory problem is identified, pulmonologists develop an appropriate treatment plan. This may include medications, oxygen therapy, and pulmonary rehabilitation. Pulmonary rehabilitation is a specialized program by lung specialists that includes exercise, Palpation of the cervical lymph nodes, breathing techniques, and education to help manage respiratory problems.

Management of Chronic Respiratory Diseases

Pulmonologists in Pakistan specialize in managing chronic respiratory diseases, such as COPD, pulmonary fibrosis, and pulmonary hypertension. They provide long-term management plans and work closely with their patients to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

Lung Transplantation

In severe cases where the lungs are damaged beyond repair, pulmonologists may recommend a lung transplant. This is a complex surgical procedure that involves replacing damaged lungs with healthy ones from a donor. Pulmonologists work in collaboration with lung transplant surgeons to ensure successful transplantation and postoperative care.

How to Find the Right Pulmonologist in Pakistan

Finding good lungs doctor and the right pulmonologist in Pakistan can be a daunting task, but it is essential to get the proper diagnosis and treatment for respiratory diseases. Here are some steps to follow to find a chest doctor and the right pulmonologist in Pakistan

  • Ask for recommendations from family and friends who have had experience with pulmonologists in Pakistan.
  • Check the credentials of the pulmonologist, such as their education, training, and experience. Look for a pulmonologist who is PMC verified and has good patient reviews.
  • Check if the pulmonologist has experience in treating the specific respiratory disease that you have.
  • Consider the location of the medical center where the pulmonologist practices. Choose a location that is convenient for you.
  • Consider the cost of the medical care provided by the pulmonologist. Make sure you can afford it.
  • Check if the pulmonologist offers online consultations or telemedicine services, which can save time and money.
  • Make sure that the pulmonologist has access to the latest technology, such as CT scans, transbronchial biopsy, lung volumes, and blood tests.

What is the fee range of top pulmonologists in Pakistan?

The fee of top pulmonologists in Pakistan ranges from 300PKR to 3000PKR. depending upon the doctor’s experience and qualifications.

When Is It A Good Time To See A Pulmonologist?

There are various signs and symptoms that can indicate the presence of lung disorders or diseases. Some common indicators include a persistent cough, difficulty breathing, chronic mucus production, wheezing, coughing up blood, chronic chest pain, fatigue or weakness, loss of appetite, and weight loss. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult with a qualified medical professional to diagnose and treat any underlying lung conditions.

What are the most common lung disorders in National Hospital & Medical Centre?

Research shows our people are still fighting the lung infection that was exterminated from most parts of the world—tuberculosis. Patients with TB are generally atypical outpatient pulmonologists, while asthmatic patients are also highly frequent (28.08%). In the United States, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients have an estimated 11.33 percent. The symptoms are more commonly found in males and particularly among those of lower socioeconomic groups. The aging population most affected is between 50 and 60.

How Much Does a Pulmonologist Cost?

The cost of pulmonology treatment in Pakistan can vary depending on the type of treatment you need, the location of the hospital, and the experience of the pulmonologist. Generally, a consultation with a pulmonologist can cost anywhere between PKR 1,500 to PKR 5,000. The cost of treatment may vary depending on the severity of the respiratory problem and the type of treatment required.

Final Verdict

In conclusion, Pulmonology is a specialized field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and management of respiratory disorders and diseases involving the respiratory system. It is a vital field of medicine that has helped countless individuals in Pakistan and around the world to overcome respiratory problems and lead healthier, happier lives.

If you are experiencing any respiratory issues, it is important to consult with an Internal Medicine Specialist MBBS or a Pulmonologist in Pakistan who can provide the proper diagnosis, treatment, and care. With the right pulmonologist and treatment plan, you can overcome respiratory problems and improve your overall health and quality of life.


What is the meaning of Pulmonology?

Pulmonology is a branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of respiratory system disorders. The respiratory system includes the lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, and other structures involved in breathing.

What is pulmonology used for?

Pulmonology is used for a variety of purposes, including diagnosing and managing respiratory diseases, conducting respiratory function tests, and monitoring lung health. Pulmonologists also work closely with other healthcare professionals, such as respiratory therapists, to provide comprehensive care for patients with lung disorders.

What diseases does a pulmonologist treat?

Pulmonologists treat a wide range of respiratory diseases, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, pneumonia, bronchitis, lung cancer, Chest Diseases, and pulmonary fibrosis. They also manage sleep-related breathing disorders, such as sleep apnea, and provide care for patients with complex medical conditions that affect the respiratory system. Pulmonologists may also perform procedures such as bronchoscopy, lung biopsy, and thoracentesis to diagnose and treat respiratory disorders.

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